You have written a story – short story or novel, it doesn’t matter. Now it is time to self-edit it. It is easy to find flaws in other people’s work, but quite difficult to recognise them in your own.
There are three components of self-editing:
2. sentence editing,
3. content editing.
A point to remember, whilst the spell check in word processors will identify some misspelt words, you should never rely on it when self-editing as they do not pick up words that are correctly spelled but used in the wrong context (such as to, too, two, their, there, would, wood).
However, you should use the ‘find and replace’ function to check the following:
|What to Look For||What to Do|
|Words ending with ‘ly’||Adverbs tell rather than show. A lot of the time if you strengthen the verb, you can eliminate the adverb.|
|and, so, but, however, because||Avoid connectives where possible. Try a full stop and make two sentences, or rearrange and shorten the sentence.|
|that||If the sentence reads well without it, delete it.|
|thing, stuff||Don’t be lazy! Be specific.|
|he, she, him, her, his, hers||If you have two or more characters, don’t rely on pronouns as the reader can become confused as to who is doing/saying what.|
Once you’ve completed the basic line/copy-edit to correct spelling and grammar, you will need to examine your sentences and the words used. Ask yourself these questions:
Is the language specific, strong?
Do your words allow visualisation?
Is the main character well developed, convincing?
Will the reader sympathise with the main character?
Is there jargon or cliches that should be removed?
Are you too wordy or concise?
Is the word choice supportive of the setting?
Is the tone consistent?
Are there shifts in tone, tense, style or voice?
Is the dialogue convincing?
Does the dialogue move the story along?
Does the dialogue reveal character, conflict or emotion?
The course tackles this last but I feel this should be the first thing you do as major changes could result which may mean the work you’ve already completed in the line/copy-edit and sentence edit has been wasted.
Some more questions you should ask yourself:
What is your story about?
Can you sum up, in one sentence, what you story is about?
Are you saying what you want to say?
What does the main character want? Is this clear from the start?
Where is the story set? Is it important?
Will the reader relate to the main character?
Does the story have direction?
Is there a catchy beginning?
Is the conflict clear from the beginning?
Do the characters face interesting obstacles and make difficult decisions?
Does every action have cause and effect?
Is the main character well developed and interesting?
What is the character’s ruling passion or fatal flaw?
Does the character struggle, grow, change, make a stand?
Is the right character telling the story?
Does the setting create the right mood, have a strong sense of time and place, further the theme and plot?
Is there continuance, consistency and credibility?
Has the point of view or tense changed?
Are the characters believable?
Is the narrative voice right for the story?
Once the story has been written, rewritten and edited until it is the best it can be, it is time to take steps to ‘present’ your work in a professional manner.
I would recommend you using William Shunn’s Proper Manuscript Format Website as a guide, but here’s a quick checklist:
- Use A4 good quality white paper
- Use no less than 12 point black font
- Never use colour ink
- Use double spacing for manuscript content
- Use a title page, or more often these days, insert the following onto the first page of the manuscript:
- story title
- author’s name
- approximate word count
- full name, address and contact details
- Insert into top header, except first page, right aligned, in the following format:
- story title/ author’s surname / page number
- Left justify content.
- Make sure there is no extra white space between paragraphs and the first line of each paragraph is indented up to five spaces (3 is a good number).
- Never bind pages.
- Always keep a backup copy on disk (or, do what I do, email yourself a copy for safe keeping).
- Most important, always read the publisher guidelines and do as directed. Always!