Return to Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 Domesday stayed with the Royal Treasury at Winchester from the late 11th century onwards, although it also moved about with the royal household from time to time. In the 13th century it went to Westminster in London and there, from King John’s reign to Queen Victoria’s, was … Read moreDomesday Book – Part 4 of 4
Return to Part 1, Part 2 A quarter of all land was used as pasture for grazing livestock. Riverside meadows also produced hay. Sheep were plentiful, as were cows, oxen and horses. Goats and pigs were also kept, and fish was sought after on a Friday (for religious reasons). Crops of wheat, barley, oats and … Read moreDomesday Book – Part 3 of 4
Return to Part 1 Domesday is written in Latin. It is easy to read, but not so easy to understand as there are many abbreviations. The documents mention ranks in society, jobs that no longer exist, place names and measurements that are no longer used. However, despite all this, Domesday gives us an insight into … Read moreDomesday Book – Part 2 of 4
Document Number One in the Public Record Office of Britain’s National Archives is the Domesday Book. In 1085, William the Conqueror ordered a survey of his new realm. Over the years, the county-by-county record has been studied by administrators and historians. By Victorian times, Domesday had become a national treasure. Imbued with mythic status, its … Read moreDomesday Book – Part 1 of 4
Ale was made with grain, mainly barley. The barley was “malted”, that is, left to germinate or start growing in water. The grain was then roasted slowly to stop the seed from growing further. This malt was crushed and boiled in water. After the liquid had cooled, yeast was added. As the yeast reacted with … Read moreBrewing Ale and Making Wine
Open fires provided the means to cook food as well as a source of heat for most people. Peasants and less wealthy people cooked on the fire in the centre of their houses. There was little ventilation and there were no chimneys, so it could get very smoky inside. Food was also cooked outside, as … Read moreMedieval Cooking
…that a paillasse is a thin mattress filled with straw or sawdust and was commonly used in the middle ages. …that a garderobe was a medieval toilet. Usually nothing more than a hole in the outer wall of the castle which dropped into a cess pit or moat. It is also claimed to be a … Read moreMedieval: Did You Know?
1320 – 1346 The black death ravages China and the Middle East 1347 The black death reaches the Crimea, including Kaffa October 1347 The black death enters the port of Messina, Sicily, via trade ships from the east Fall/Winter 1347 Sicily is overwhelmed January 1348 The black death enters France through the port of Marseilles; … Read moreTime Line of the Black Death