General Conditions and Sanitation

One of the major reasons for the spread of plague in fourteenth century Europe was the generally wretched and squalid conditions in which most of the people lived. The vast majority of people were serfs or poor peasants. They lived in small villages of windowless thatched wooden huts. People knew little of sanitation. They dumped … Read moreGeneral Conditions and Sanitation

Castle under siege!

There were many ways of attacking a medieval castle, and almost as many means of countering such attacks. Ways to Attack The first step was to batter the walls with a variety of “engines”, the most common being the catapult or mangonel. Its throwing beam would haul a massive stone, a pot of flaming “Greek … Read moreCastle under siege!