Editing Course: Good Grammarian II

One of the problems with grammar is that words and their usage can change.

Hyphenation

There are two types of hyphenated words:

1. Those that are double-barrelled because it is their normal spelling.
2. Those that become double-barrelled only when they directly describe an object or person.

For example, these words are always double-barrelled:

by-line – The publisher checked the author’s by-line.
jack-of-all-trades – He is a jack-of-all-trades.
dry-clean – The girl picked up her dry-cleaned clothes after work.
cold blooded – They were attacked by a cold-blooded shark.

And these change according to useage:

take you through it step by step a step-by-step approach
it has a hairy back a hairy-backed creature
has blue frames blue-framed windows

The Word “That”

Many people prefer to remove the word “that” from their work. However, sometimes the word is required for clarification.

Example: John said yesterday, he had an accident.

In the example, the sentence implies that John made a comment yesterday about having an accident. But the next sentence shows what was actually meant.

John said that yesterday, he had an accident.

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